Root planing is a procedure done in a dental office to inhibit the occurrence of ill effects of periodontal disease. This method is aimed at cleaning the area below the gum level and making the root surface smooth. Once the roots become smooth, the surface becomes available for the reattachment of gums thereby preventing the progress of bacteria further. In a way, root planing is done to protect the periodontium from any damage and to bring about speedy recovery of the damaged parts of periodontium.